The following is a brief outline of computer timeline. The list is not a complete one but we have tried to cover most of the great incidents in the development of computer technology.
The table is compiled from different sources. Please remember that mathematical calculators are the base for the development of computer technology.
which can compute the basic mathematical equation, is invented by German
scientist Wilhelm Schikard.
Frenchmathematician Blaise Pascal invented digital adding machine.
British mathematician Charles Babbage introduces the Difference Engine, which is a computing machine. Later on in 1833, he designs Analytical Engine capable of being programmed to perform different tasks.
Bell Labs’s George Stibitz designs the first binary digital computers. This Complex Number Calculator performs mathematical operations in binary form.
Hungarian-American mathematician John von Neumann writes “First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC,” which describes the design of a general-purpose digital electronic computer.
John Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert introduced ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer) It is the first electronic computer put into operation.
Transistor is invented by John Bardeen, Walter H. Brattain, and William B. Shockley of Bell Telephone Laboratories.
British mathematical engineer Maurice Wilkes built and programmed the first stored-program computer. computer timeline continued.
UNIVAC is introduced.
John Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert introduced UNIVAC, the successor to the first electronic computer, the ENIAC. UNIVAC is the first computer designed for commercial purpose. The U.S. Census Bureau the first to use UNIVAC.
IBM sells its first electronic computer, the 701.
IBM engineers designed first disk drive for random-access storage of data.
At MIT, researchers build the first general purpose computer built with transistors.
Fortran, the first high-level computer language Developed.
Bell Labs designs, the first commercial modem, for converting digital computer data to analog signals.
The First Computer Game is developed by programmers at MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology). It is called SPACEWAR.
BASIC (Beginners All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) programming language developed by John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz at Dartmouth. It becomes the popular programming language, which is easy to learn.
ARPAnet, the first computer network, is developed by U.S. Defense Department contractors. It first introduced at Universtity of California and at SRI International and the University of Utah. ARPANET put a foundation for modern internet.
Based on the proposal of Marcian Edward, an American engineer, Intel develops the first microprocessor called Intel 4004.
IBM introduces the 8" Floppy Disk for computer data storage.
The Software giant, Microsoftwasestablished in 1975 by William H. Gates III and Paul Allen. computer timeline continued
The first computer, Altair 8800 introduced. Altair 8800 is taken as the first home computer. Microsoft founders, Bill gate and Paul Allen, developed a version of BASIC programming language for Altair 8800.
William Moggridge of GRiD Systems Corporation designed the first laptop computer.
Seagate Technology built the first hard disk drive for microcomputers.
The first 3 1/2" floppy disk drive introduced by Sony.
Both Philips and Sony create the CD-DA (compact disc digital audio) format.
Macintosh is introduced
Apple introduces its version of personal computer, called Macintosh, the first mouse-driven computer with Graphic Unser Interface (GUI).
The first CD-ROM drive is introduced by Philips.
Microsoft introduced Windows 1.0, operating system software with graphical user interface (GUI).
Compaq bring forth the Deskpro 386, the first computer to use Intel’s 32-bit chip.
IBM introduces what is commonly called PS/2 machines, which make the 3 1/2" floppy disk drive and VGA video standard for PCs.
British physicist and computer scientist Timothy Berners-Lee developed The World Wide Web using Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland.
Microsoft releases Windows 95.
Microsoft releases Windows 98.
Microsoft releases Windows Me (Millennium Edition) and Windows 2000.
Processors, which run at 1GHz, are introduced by both Intel and AMD.
Microsoft introduces Windows XP, the first 32-bit Operating System.
Microsoft introduces, Windows XP x64 Edition that supports processors with 64-bit extensions.
Apple introduces its version of computer system based on PC architecture, which improved its previous non-PC-based Macs
Microsoft introduces Windows Vista for commercial use.
Microsoft releases Windows 7. Comparing to the previous OSs, Windows 7 is more user friendly and significantly improved.
Microsoft released Windows 8
The most famed Windows 10 is released. Windows 10 is a latest release of Microsoft's Windows NT operating system